#AgriFYI: National Land Use Act

MANILA, Philippines – With the effects of climate change getting more and more apparent, laws need to keep up with the times and address issues that occur given current situations and patterns.

Disasters not only affect lives of Filipino families, it also have huge impact on Philippines’ biggest industries – agriculture, manufacturing, and services.

With this, among other reasons, policy advocates call for a law on national land use, that will supposedly govern “the management of the country’s land and water resources amidst climate change and extreme weather conditions.”

The mentioned proposed legislation, an advocacy group claimed, “has been pending in the Congress for more than 20 years.”

It came close to being passed in the previous two Congresses, in both Houses, but was not ultimately enacted.

A member of the Samahang Magsasaka ng Pres. Roxas in R.T. Lim, Zamboanga Sibugay tends to her cows. Photo: DA Mindanao Rural Development Program

A member of the Samahang Magsasaka ng Pres. Roxas in R.T. Lim, Zamboanga Sibugay tends to her cows. Photo: DA Mindanao Rural Development Program

The group “Campaign for Land Use Policy Now!” cites the following as the main features of the National Land Use Act:

  • “The NLUA seeks to institutionalize land use and physical planning to determine and evaluate appropriate land use and allocation patterns by crafting a National Physical Framework Plan (NPFP) with physical planning as the basis for development planning. The NPFP will follow a long-term planning of 30 years with regular review and updating every 10 years. The framework of NPFP will follow the “ridge-to-reef” framework for physical planning.”
  • “The NLUA will institutionalized Four Land Use Categories indicating broad spatial directions and policy guidelines for land uses:
    • Protection Land Use refers to the use of land primarily for rehabilitation, conservation, and protection purposes and the promotion of the country’s ecological and life-support systems. Planning for protection land use intends to achieve environmental stability and ecological integrity, ensure a balance between resource use and the preservation of some areas with environmental, aesthetic, educational, cultural and historical significance, aid and protect people and human-made structures from the ill-effects of natural hazards.
    • Production Land Use refers to the most efficient, sustainable, and equitable utilization, development and management of land for productive purposes which are not classified for protection land use as defined in this section. Areas included in this category are agricultural lands, coastal and marine zones, production forest, mineral lands, energy resource lands, industrial, and tourism development areas where productive activities could be undertaken to meet the country’s requirements for economic growth and development.
    • Settlements Development refers to the use of urban and rural lands for settlements development purposes and/or improvements on existing settlements involving the spatial distribution of population, identification of the roles and functions of key urban centers, determination of relationships among settlement areas, and the provision of basic services and facilities to such settlements.
    • Infrastructure Land Use refers to the use of land dedicated to the provision of basic services that foster economic and other forms of integration necessary for producing or obtaining the material requirements of Filipinos, in an efficient, responsive, safe and ecologically friendly built environment. It includes, among others, sub-sectors like: road networks, transportation and communication facilities, social services, environmental service facilities, and utilities.”

 

  • “The land use categories identified in the national physical framework guidelines will be used at the local level to craft the CLUPs of each of the cities and municipalities. The planning process shall employ the combined top-bottom, bottom-up approach.”

You can read the policy brief of NLUA below:

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You may also read House Bill No. 5240, or the “National Land Use and Management Act of the Philippines”, which approved by the House of Representatives on May 2, and was already transmitted to the Senate seven days after said date. The bill below was approved on second reading by the House of Representatives on March 14, and third reading on May 2 as well.

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Note: The #AgriFYI series is made with content support from the Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development at http://angoc.org/ and the International Land Coalition-Philippines at http://ilc-nes.ph/. You may check out their social media accounts at https://www.facebook.com/AsianNGOCoalition/ and https://twitter.com/ANGOCorg.